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From the start, the gods made women different.

One type is from a pig--a hairy sow

whose house is like a rolling heap of filth;

and she herself, unbathed, in unwashed clothes,

reposes on the shit-pile, growing fat.

Another type the gods made from a fox:

pure evil, and aware of everything.

This woman misses nothing: good or bad,

she notices, considers, and declares

that good is bad and bad is good. Her mood

changes from one moment to the next.

One type is from a dog--a no-good bitch,

a mother through and through; she wants to hear

everything, know everything, go everywhere,

and stick her nose in everything, and bark

whether she sees anyone or not.

A man can't stop her barking; not with threats,

not (when he's had enough) by knocking out

her teeth with a stone, and not with sweet talk either;

even among guests, she'll sit and yap;

the onslaught of her voice cannot be stopped.

One type the gods of Mount Olympus crafted

out of Earth--their gift to man! She's lame

and has no sense of either good or bad.

She knows no useful skill, except to eat

--and, when the gods make winter cold and hard

to drag her chair up closer to the fire.

Another type is from the Sea; she's two-faced.

One day she's calm and smiling--any guest

who sees her in your home will praise her then:

"This woman is the best in all the world

and also the most beautiful." The next day

she's wild and unapproachable, unbearable

even to look at, filled with snapping hate,

ferocious, like a bitch with pups, enraged

at loved ones and at enemies alike.

Just as the smooth unrippled sea at times

stands still, a joy to mariners in summer,

and then at times is wild with pounding waves--

This woman's temperament is just like that.

The ocean has its own perplexing ways.

Another type is from a drab, gray ass;

she's used to getting smacked, and won't give in

until you threaten her and really force her.

She'll do her work all right, and won't complain;

but then she eats all day, all night--she eats

everything in sight, in every room.

And when it comes to sex, she's just as bad;

she welcomes any man that passes by.

Another loathsome, miserable type

is from a weasel: undesirable

in every way--un-charming, un-alluring.

She's sex-crazed, too; but any man who climbs

aboard her will get seasick. And she steals

from neighbors, and from sacrificial feasts.

Another type a horse with flowing mane

gave birth to. She avoids all kinds of work

and hardship; she would never touch a mill

or lift a sieve, or throw the shit outside,

or sit beside the oven (all that soot!).

She'll touch her husband only when she has to.

She washes off her body every day

twice, sometimes three times! then rubs herself

with perfumed oil. She always wears her hair

combed-out, and dressed with overhanging flowers.

Such a wife is beautiful to look at

for others; for her keeper, she's a pain

--unless he is a king, or head of state

who can afford extravagant delights.

Another type is from an ape. I'd say

that Zeus made her the greatest pain of all--

his gift to man! Her face is hideous.

This woman is a total laughingstock

when she walks through the town. She has no neck,

no butt--she's all legs. You should see the way

she moves around. I pity the poor man

who holds this horrid woman in his arms.

She's well-versed in every kind of trick

just like an ape; what's more, she has no shame

and doesn't care if people laugh at her.

She'd never think of doing something kind

to anyone; she plots the whole day long

to see how she can do the greatest harm.

Another type is from a bee. Good luck

in finding such a woman! Only she

deserves to be exempt from stinging blame.

The household that she manages will thrive;

a loving wife beside her loving man,

she'll grow old, having borne illustrious

and handsome children; she herself shines bright

among all women. Grace envelops her.

She doesn't like to sit with other women

discussing sex. Zeus gratifies mankind

with these most excellent and thoughtful wives.

But by the grim contrivances of Zeus

all these other types are here to stay

side by side with man forever. Yes,

Zeus made this the greatest pain of all:


If she seems to want to help

that's when she does her keeper the most harm.

A man who's with a woman can't get through

a single day without a troubled mind.

He'll never banish Hunger from his house:

unwelcome, hateful lodger, hostile god.

Just when a man seems most content at home

and ready for enjoyment, by the grace

of god or man, that's when she'll pick a fight,

her battle-helmet flashing, full of blame.

A household with a woman is at a loss

to give a decent welcome to a guest.

The wife who seems the most restrained and good,

she's the most disastrous of them all;

for while her slack-jawed husband gapes at her

the neighbors laugh at how he's been deceived.

Each man will diligently praise his own

and blame the next man's wife; we just don't see

that we all share alike in this hard luck.

For Zeus made this the greatest pain of all

and locked us in a shackle hard as iron

and never to be broken, ever since

the day that Hades opened up his gates

for all the men who fought that woman's war.

Translation : Diane Arnson Svarlien